Yossi Schwartz, ISL the RCIT section in Israel /Occupied Palestine, 04.09.2023
Eritrea was called Mdree-Bahree (which means Land of the Sea). The term “Eritrea” derives from the Greek term Sinus Erythraeus, which can be translated in English as the Red Sea. The name was given to the sea between the Arabian Peninsula and the Africa continent, by Greek tradesmen of the third century B.C. This part of the world is considered the origin of the human race. It’s from this place that our first ancestors migrated to other parts of the globe. The first known inhabitants of Eritrea are the Kunama and Nara about 3500 B.C ago. The ‘Land of Punt’ is believed to be in this part of the world. Around 2000 BC the Beja people from southern Egypt entered Eritrea. The first inscription in the Geez alphabet dates from 800 B.C.
In 1890 Italy colonized the land of Midri-Bahri along the Red Sea, and named it Eritrea. Italian colonization was replaced by the British in 1941 that was annexed to Ethiopia. In 1993 after 30 years of war with Ethiopia it won its official independence. Nevertheless, it has remained a semi colony.Read more »